In-person voter fraud is virtually nonexistent in the United States

Brennan Center for Justice,  November 22, 2019

Extensive research has shown that in-person voter fraud is incredibly rare, and studies and court decisions have shown that it poses no real threat to the integrity of our elections. But these untrue claims are still often used to justify legislation such as strict voter ID laws, which have now spread to six states. Worse, these laws can often disproportionately impact voters of color and low-income voters, who may not have access to valid forms of identification. ...

In 2011, Texas enacted the strictest voter ID requirement in the country, and the Brennan Center and other advocates later challenged the law in court. At the time, experts estimated it would impact more than 600,000 registered voters in Texas who did not have a valid form of identification compliant with the law. Lawmakers used the specter of in-person voter fraud to justify the law’s passage — and in the process likely disenfranchised some voters in the 2014 election.

A federal appeals court found that the law was racially discriminatory, noting that before the law was passed, there were “only two convictions of in-person impersonation fraud out of 20 million votes cast in the decade.” After a years-long legal battle, the court permitted Texas to implement a revised version of the law.

By Rebecca Ayala and Myrna Perez

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