Alabama ID requirements for voting by mail

COVID-19 Advisory: Voting absentee in the July runoff election is strongly encouraged due to COVID-19. According to Secretary of State Merrill, all voters may check the "physical illness or infirmity" box on their absentee ballot application. Voters should do so as soon as possible so they can get their ballots in time to return them via mail by Election Day.

Absentee ballot applications can be downloaded online or requested by visiting or calling the local Absentee Election Manager's office. For the Primary Runoff Election on July 14, the deadline to register to vote is Monday, June 29 and the deadline to submit an absentee ballot application is Thursday, July 9. The deadline to return an absentee ballot to the Absentee Election Manager is the close of business Monday, July 13 and the last day to postmark an absentee ballot is Monday, July 13.

Who is eligible to request an absentee ballot and vote by mail?

To be eligible, you must be a registered voter and unable to go to your regular polling place for one of the following reasons:

  • You will be absent from your registered county on Election Day
  • You are ill or physically unable to reach your assigned polling place
  • You are a caregiver for a family member who is confined to their home
  • You are an appointed election officer or poll watcher outside your assigned polling place
  • You work a required shift of at least 10 hours that conflicts with polling hours on Election Day
  • You are a registered Alabama voter living outside the county, such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person
  • You are currently incarcerated in prison or jail and have not been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude

Voter Registration

First-time voters who have not voted in a previous federal election, or who have never voted in their county of residence in a federal election, AND who did not provide either a driver’s license number or the last four digits of a Social Security number at the time of registration, must present documentation proving their identity in order to complete their voter registration. First time voters who are voting in person must present this documentation at the polls. First time voters who are voting by mail/absentee ballot must enclose a copy of such documentation with their ballot request or ballot. This is required under the federal Help America Vote Act, enacted in 2002.

Do you need to submit ID with your absentee ballot request?

Yes, you must apply with a copy of your valid photo identification. If ID is not provided, your ballot becomes provisional and will not be counted unless ID is produced to registrar within time provided for provisional ballot cure.


Do you need to submit ID with your absentee ballot?

No, but an absentee ballot cannot be counted unless the affidavit is notarized or has the signatures of two witnesses.

Last update: May 18, 2020

Hannah Piercey

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